Here we are on to our sixth upanishad! This one is called Mandukya. We’re taking bite-sized chunks of ancient yogic wisdom, and chewing them well.
” The syllable OM, which is the imperishable Brahman, is the universe. Whatsoever has existed, whatsoever exists, whatsoever shall exist hereafter, is OM. And whatsoever transcends past, present, and future, that is also OM.
All that we see without is Brahman. This Self that is within is Brahman.
This Self, which is one with OM, has three aspects, and beyond these three, different from them and indefinable -The Fourth.
The first aspect of the Self is the universal person, the collective symbol of created beings, in his physical nature -Vaiswanara. Vaiswanara is awake, and is conscious only of external objects. he has seven members. The heavens are his head, the sun his eyes, air his breath, fire his heart, water his belly, earth his feet, and space his body. He has nineteen instruments of knowledge: five organs of sense, five organs of action, five functions of the breath, together with mind, intellect, heart and ego. He is the enjoyer of the pleasures of sense.
The second aspect of the Self is the universal person in his mental nature – Taijasa. Taijasa has seven members and nineteen instruments of knowledge. He is dreaming, and is conscious only of his dreams. In this state, he is the enjoyer of the subtle impressions in his mind of the deeds he has done in the past.
The third aspect of the Self is the universal person in dreamless sleep – Prajna. Prajna dreams not. He is without desire. As the darkness of night covers the day, and the visible world seems to disappear, so in dreamless sleep the veil of unconsciousness envelops his thought and knowledge, and the subtle impressions of his mind apparently vanish. Since he experiences neither strife nor anxiety, he is said to be blissful, and the experiencer of bliss.
Prajna is the lord of all. he knows all things. he is the dweller in the hearts of all. He is the origin of all. he is the end of all.
The Fourth, say the wise, is not subjective experience, nor objective experience, nor experience intermediate between these two, nor is it a negative condition which is neither consciousness or unconsciousness. ..It is pure unitary consciousness, wherein awareness of the world, and of multiplicity ic completely obliterated. It is ineffable peace. It is the supreme good…This Self, beyond all words, is the syllable OM.”